The Coachella Valley is a large valley in Southern California populated by nearly one million people. The valley includes the famed tourist destination, Palm Springs. Geographically it is the agricultural and recreational desert valley in southern CA. The valley extends for approximately 45 miles from the San Bernardino Mountains to the saltwater Salton Sea.
This area one of the fastest growing in the country, due in part to location in Riverside County, and to real estate booms in the 1990s.
Coachella Valley is surrounded on the southwest by the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto mountains, and the Little San Bernardino Mountain range on the northeast. These mountains peak at around 11,000 feet with average heights of three to five thousand feet. Thee mountains block the marine layer familiar to most other Southern Californian areas. Sometimes a weather system can come through one of the narrow passes, or up from the Gulf of California. Summer temperatures drop lower than 105 °F during the day. Winter temps range from 50 °F to 80 °F.
In the early 1900s, Palm Springs was an ideal farming town and had some space converted to a minor agricultural economy. After that failed, all the fields and groves were replaced by homes and golf courses. Agriculture succeeded in the lower Coachella Valley near the communities of Thermal, Mecca, Oasis and Vista Santa Rosa that had a large underground aquifer to sustain a year-round green environment.
The valley boasts over two hundred golf courses and it is one of the world's premier golf destinations drawing some of the biggest names in golf. The PGA has a major presence with the PGA WEST golf and residential complex.
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